Dr. Claude Mariottini - Professor of Old Testament

To Read Part I: Introduction, click here.

To Read Part II: The Reign of Solomon, click here.


The Reforms of Jeroboam

Solomon’s religious and economic policies generated much unrest in Israel and caused the division of the monarchy along geographical lines. The tribes of Judah and Benjamin were strong supporters of David’s throne and after the death of Solomon, they were ready to accept Rehoboam, Solomon’s son, as his successor.

The northern tribes, however, unhappy with Solomon’s policy of forced labor, did not want to keep the agreement with David’s house that created the united monarchy. Thus, the division of the kingdom came mostly because of the oppressive policies of Solomon. However, the Deuteronomic Historian presents the division of the kingdom in religious terms.

According to the Deuteronomic Historian, the northern tribes revolted because there were groups of people within the Northern tribes who…

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