King Solomon was wise to understand the experience identified today  as of ‘Psychological Set’ 

Definition if Psychological Set

An experience by making people especially sensitive to specific kinds of information. A perceptual set, also called perceptual expectancy, is a predisposition to a “perception” in a certain way.

Sets can be created by “motivations” and so can result in people interpreting ambiguous situations so that they see what they want to see. 

Example of King Solomon’s Awareness of Psychological Set

In a novel excerpt, I surmised how King Solomon, based on his proverbs, may have explained to the Queen of Sheba about two conflicting ambiguous situations. The novel is a contemporary application to relate the wisdom of ancient proverbs and wise sayings  to our modern world.


“Solomon, I noticed you studied the writings closely before you solved the riddle. Why did you do that?”

“We have a saying. Sometimes you must gaze upon details for a time in order to better comprehend a problem.” I replied.

 “We also have a saying. Gaze not overmuch, and let thy vision be dimmed. It seems we have two contradictory sayings Solomon.”

“I do not believe so. My saying means that sometimes we need to study the details of a problem closely in order to find a solution. Your saying states that if you look at a problem too closely for too long, you may become distracted in meaningless details and fail to comprehend what is most important.” I replied.

“I was hoping you would say that Solomon. I believe there is a problem we most discuss candidly to prevent us from becoming distracted from the reason of my visit.”


“In the past year I have tread a number of blog comments of atheists on various blogs. The atheist writers express their views well with clear concise writings, an indication of their intellect. Many seem to have acquired a lot of knowledge about the Bible and often refer in critical terms why they believe certain writings in the Bible to be offensive to them.

Why is it when an atheist “gazes” at the Bible, they see the writings differently than a faith believer does? Is it because of “psychological set” or is there another reason? Perhaps the answer is contained in this Excerpt.


“Bilqis, we believe that the belly is the deepest part of a human’s character that resides in this chamber. The belly is the repository of all thoughts, motives, words and actions of a person. Both good and evil reside within the belly.”

Modern Beliefs

Three thousand years later, scientists believe good or evil resides in the mind rather than the belly.  Modern psychologists have numerous theories of how perceptions of good and evil thoughts enter our minds. Are there good and evil spirits roaming around trying to enter within us? This question  seems to be the principal difference in faith believers or atheists and choices to control their actions.

Faith believers” gaze” at Bibles to try to find good advice how to find solutions to guard or control their actions. Atheists do not believe in evil spirits. They prefer to “gaze” in a mirror of their mind and reflect on their intellect to control their actions.

Many atheists make statements to infer that religion is the major cause of war. Which beliefs, or non-beliefs have a better good or evil conduct scorecard in history?  You can decide for yourself by “gazing” at in the statistics in this brief blog post. After reading, you may want to also consider if  Psychological Set may be a factor when someone asks this question.. Why is Religion Responsible for So Much War  HERE  

Question to Answer

Now consider again the above definition of psychological set.

“Sets can be created by “motivations” and so can result in people interpreting ambiguous situations so that they see what they want to see. “

Then answer this question. Who do you believe creates “motivations” to atheists to see what they want to see?

Regards and goodwill blogging.


As A Lily Among Thorns – A Story of King Solomon, the Queen of Sheba, and the Goddess of Wisdom 

Now available as an Ebook at  most  sellers.   View at link below.